Apollo sold for $42 million and Artemis fetched $15 million – with both earrings snapped up by the same anonymous bidder.
The $57 million final figure is a record for a pair of earrings.
David Bennett, worldwide chairman of Sotheby’s International Jewellery Division, said the prestigious auction house was proud to have been “entrusted” with the rare stones.
He said: “It has been a privilege for Sotheby’s to be entrusted with the superb Apollo Blue and Artemis Pink, which have now been renamed The Memory of Autumn Leaves and The Dream of Autumn Leaves.”
“I am delighted that the stones will remain together as earrings.”
Despite the staggering figure paid, the final figure was short on what was expected – with the diamonds carrying an estimate of up to $70 million.
Prior to the sale, Bennett described the diamonds as “the most important pair of earrings ever offered at auction.”
He added: “These exquisite colored diamonds are enormously rare and each is a wonderful stone in its own right. Together, as a pair of earrings, they are breathtaking.”
It was a successful overall sale for Sotheby’s, with 90 percent of the lots selling for a combined $153 million. Two-thirds of the gems sold for above their high estimate.